When people hear the term psychologist, many immediately imagine a man or woman sitting in an office, scribbling notes while a client sits on a leather fainting couch. Did you know that there are psychologists who study how people work and interact with the tools in their environment? Or that some psychologists come up with ways to help slow global warming? These psychologists study the behavior of pilots and other flight crew members. Aviation psychologists also perform research on airline safety, develop new training equipment, and help select suitable employees. For example, an aviation psychologist might select or even develop psychological tests used to screen applicants for elite pilot positions.
- 20 Psychologist Specialties and What They Do
- Overview of the 6 Major Theories of Emotion
- Careers In The Field of Psychology
- The Major Branches of Psychology
- Subfields of psychology
- Subfields of Psychology
- What is psychology and what does it involve?
- Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience/Motivation and Emotion
20 Psychologist Specialties and What They Do
One of the biggest mistakes people make when trying to reach their education and career goals is failing to truly explore and research the career paths they plan to pursue. The more difficult questions, that only experts and individuals in the field of psychology can answer, are addressed in our extensive list of psychology careers below.
Be sure to read our career descriptions, expert interviews, and step-by-step instructions on how to obtain licensure in your state, before you take the next step towards your career. Members of the armed forces, like the Army, often have difficult times - to say the least - when it comes to staying mentally and emotionally stable. Career counselors help prepare their clients for the start, change, or advancement of their career.
They provide consulting, coaching, and counseling so that clients can explore their interests and options more in-depth. The counselors take things like personality, aptitude, interests, personality, and behavior into consideration as they help guide clients towards careers that will make them happy. Child abuse counselors have the demanding and rewarding job of helping victims of serious child abuse try to rebuild their psyche, trust, and happiness.
They use their training to identify, analyze, and treat specific symptoms of child abuse and they provide crucial therapy to help the child overcome their awful ordeal. Some of that therapy can involve playing, or encouraging children to speak their minds, or even working with the family to ensure the child is provided a safe and comfortable environment to continue their development. Child counselors are specifically trained to provide outpatient counseling treatment services for children, adolescents, and their families.
They perform assessments for specific issues such as ADHD and autism and they also offer counseling services for children with behavioral, social, or emotional issues. They use their training to help families identify and treat issues in children such as weight disorders, anger problems, or social anxiety disorders. Community Mental Health Counselors are mental health professionals who provide therapy, consulting, and coaching to people who are having issues in a community setting.
These counselors are well-versed in the makeup of their community and they try to help clients understand their relationship to that community and help identify and treat issues and problems that arise out of the community setting. They are often charged with helping people adjust to and understand their community better as to minimize issues and promote mental health for everyone. When handled correctly, conflict can actually be a good thing that leads to teamwork and better communication.
When handled incorrectly, it can permanently damage relationships, slow progress and create even larger issues. A conflict resolution mediator is essential in a variety of professional fields and can often same companies or people time and money that would have been otherwise wasted. The role of a Couples Counselor is rather straightforward. Couples Counselors are absolutely trained psychologists who are specifically tasked with helping couples of all ages lead happy and healthy relationships.
In some cases this can mean dealing with serious mental and emotional issues and in other cases in can mean helping couples understand themselves and how they affect each other. Marriage and Family Therapists are very similar to Couples Counselors and their roles are the same. While research reports that most people consider themselves happy, unfortunately, many people do not lead balanced lives.
Depression counselors are specifically trained to deal with the mental, emotional, and physical issues that can arise out of depression. Helping clients understand why they are depressed and helping them through the steps to recovery can have a profound impact on the quality of life for the clients. Domestic violence is one of the more prevalent issues that take place in the home setting and domestic violence counselors are the ones who help victims of domestic abuse deal with and overcome their traumatic experiences.
Their training helps them identify certain adverse effects of domestic violence and they can then help the patient slowly work to treat and combat those effects. They provide an important therapy for clients in need of understanding of their trauma and someone to listen to their issues. Geriatric counselors provide treatment, analysis, and counseling services to seniors and their families.
The counselors are considered experts and have specialized training and knowledge of common mental health issues that are known to affect seniors in particular. They can assess, identify and treat problems so that seniors can understand the issues they face and work to overcome them and live comfortably. These services are usually provided to seniors who live in long-term care and residential facilities, and help these seniors live a fulfilling and comfortable life.
Grief counselors are usually licensed therapists who help people cope with the grief and sense of loss that usually follows the death of a loved one, a particularly emotional divorce, or another tragic life experience. Coping can happen in a number of different ways and grief counselors are adept at identifying what method of counseling or treatment works with each individual. They try to help clients not only deal with that grief, but also help those clients deal with the grief while they continue to be productive members of society.
Licensed professional counselors provide a variety of different kinds of care to patients. LPCs are trained to provide mental, emotional and even physical care for patients suffering from everything from abuse, addiction and even depression. They can work with individuals, couples, or families and really can identify and treat a large swath of issues.
Licensed professional counselors are some of the most common mental health professionals in the workplace. They can be employed everywhere from hospitals and community health organizations to elder care facilities and rehab clinics. What Is Marriage and Family Counseling? Despite many people looking forward to "happily ever after", this doesn t always happen. Many relationships and families aren t perfect, by any stretch of the imagination, and some have so many problems that they seem irreparable.
However, contrary to what some may believe, happy marriages and peaceful families are possible. What Is Mental Health Counseling? Life is full of frustration and difficult times. These stressful times can be very hard to get through and extremely overwhelming for some. What Is Multi-Cultural Counseling? This increase can be attributed not only to longer lifespans and births, but also to an increasing amount of immigrants to this country.
They work within the religious community and are a result of the belief that therapy can be combined with faith and science. They can help followers with a wide range of afflictions including family issues, depression, abuse and substance issues. Rehabilitation counselors are responsible for treating patients with physical, mental, or emotional issues so that they can live as independently as possible.
Trained at the graduate level, rehabilitation counselors deal with psychological and physical issues that affect patients including post-traumatic stress disorders and severe brain injuries. They combine the knowledge to help patients understand and overcome their disability. They work within the school infrastructure to support and foster academic success as well as personal and social development.
They help ensure their students remain well-adjusted and prepared for whatever lies ahead. Spiritual counselors deal with patients who have suffered spiritual trauma or dissatisfaction and they help these patients get in touch with their spirituality, understand what is afflicting them, and overcome or deal with that issue. These counselors combine their spiritual or religious knowledge with an in-depth understanding of the psychology behind the issues so that their patients can live happy and fulfilling lives.
Substance abuse is an unfortunate issue for thousands of people across the country and substance abuse counselors are ones trained to help people understand the motivations behind their substance abuse issue, and then help people overcome and defeat those issues. They have psychological and physiological training that helps them understand emotional and mental issues of substance abuse as well as the physical ones. Suicide Intervention counselors have some of the most stressful and rewarding jobs as they are specifically training in the psychology behind suicidal feelings and depression and their job is to help patients with suicidal thoughts think more positively and continue to live a fulfilling and rewarding life.
These counselors are trained to identify motivations behind suicidal thoughts and help the patients deal with those motivations so they can gain more self-confidence and self-worth. Transformational counselors offer an alternative form of mental and physical healing that focuses on self-improvement, spiritual healing, and deeper life satisfaction. The counselors combine traditional psychological knowledge with alternative methods for inner-healing to help patients find a greater sense of purpose, excitement, joy, and self-satisfaction.
Severe and permanent disabilities can be crippling to a person s career and daily life. Vocational rehabilitation counselors are specifically trained to help people with such disabilities cope with these disabilities by helping them find jobs and live on their own. These disabilities can be wide-ranging and can include physical, mental and emotional disabilities.
They can also include severe mental illnesses and substance abuse issues. They work with these patients to help them learn to live more active lives and, more importantly, secure gainful employment. Art therapists use the creative process of creating art as a therapeutic method for improving the mental and emotional health and well-being of their patients.
The therapists usually either help patients use the art-making process as a healing tool or they help patients interpret the inner and deeper meaning of their art through their psychological and therapeutic background. CBT is designed to help people change the way they think and the way they behave in order to help ease or even solve someone s issues. It is used in a wide variety of cases including things like depression or relationship issues, but its effectiveness stems from its ability to help people think about how their attitudes and beliefs are affecting their behavior.
Once that is understood, it can be used to help affect change in that behavior. For some people, the ability to think clearly and the ability to move freely are intertwined. Sitting for hours at a desk, with no sound to distract you and no reason to get up and move around is helpful for some learners, but absolutely sabotaging to the success of others. These therapists are responsible for helping people with physical or psychological issues or illnesses improve their movement and manage and overcome their discomfort.
They use their psychological and physiological knowledge to help patients overcome issues such as serious back injuries or even self-confidence concerns. They combine in-depth knowledge of the psychological factors at play with an education in existential principles to promote meaning and life-enhancements the patient can make mentally and emotionally. Life coaches are the people who help their clients identify and achieve physical, emotional, and social personal goals.
They help clients work through roadblocks to achieve success in careers, school, family settings, and others. Marriage and family therapists help troubled couples and families identify and understand the psychological issues behind their discontent so that they can improve their relationship and repair any damage done to the relationship. They use their knowledge of the psychology of relationships and the family dynamic to help families and couples take a step back and recognize why the issues occurred in the first place.
They then help the families and couples work through these issues together. Music therapists are responsible for assessing and treating emotional, physical, social, communication, and cognitive issues using musical responses and musical practice. The therapists uses their psychological expertise and knowledge of music to help identify the needs and state of well-being for each client, sometimes they even use music as a therapeutic or spiritual treatment for clients depending on the issue.
Occupational therapy is the practice of creating customized work plans and exercise plans to help people of all ages cure, prevent or deal with things like physical injury, permanent illness or permanent or temporary disability. This is an evidence-based practice that takes a holistic approach to the issues and really helps develop an individually unique plan that caters to the specific issue of the patient.
The idea is to develop techniques for helping patients get through their everyday life. Physical Therapists are a part of everyday life for many Americans who are dealing with chronic pain issues or recent trauma. The job of the physical therapist is to help people learn to manage pain, recover from injuries and regain movement from said injuries. They can work in private practice or for hospitals or niche clinics or in nursing homes and generally treat people of varying age for a wide range of illnesses and injuries ranging from broken limbs to traumatic brain injuries.
One needs a doctoral degree to become a physical therapist, but the profession is rapidly growing as a more active population needs physical therapists now more than ever. A special division within nursing, psychiatric nursing is specifically about assessing and treating mental health issues within patients or a group of patients.
Most psychiatric nurses have master s or doctoral degrees in the field as this is an advanced profession within nursing and requires a more detailed and specialized training and understanding. These nurses usually deal with psychiatric disorders and treat these disorders with specific psychotherapy. They are commonly employed in hospitals and specialty clinics, but many are in private practice as well.
Psychotherapists are responsible for treating patient issues with psychological treatments and strategies rather than medical ones.
Overview of the 6 Major Theories of Emotion
Psychology encompasses a vast domain, and includes many different approaches to the study of mental processes and behavior. Below are the major areas of inquiry that taken together constitute psychology. A comprehensive list of the sub-fields and areas within psychology can be found at the list of psychology topics and list of psychology disciplines. Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. Abnormal psychology studies the nature of psychopathology and its causes, and this knowledge is applied in clinical psychology to treat patients with psychological disorders. It can be difficult to draw the line between normal and abnormal behaviors.
One of the biggest mistakes people make when trying to reach their education and career goals is failing to truly explore and research the career paths they plan to pursue.
Happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, disgust and fear. All these words describe some kind of abstract inner states in humans, in some cases difficult to control. We usually call them feelings or emotions. But what is the reason that we are able to "feel"? Where do emotions come from and how are they caused? And are emotions and feelings the same thing?
Careers In The Field of Psychology
But beyond mind reading, psychics, out-of-body experiences, recovered memories and lie detection, psychology is actually by definition, the study of mind and behaviour. After all, the human experience is a multifaceted one, because no single study can ever fathom the incredible depths of our behaviour, thoughts and emotions. However, in an effort to right the misguided assumptions, here are 10 of the most widely-known fields of psychology:. This treatment-oriented branch of psychology deals with scientific ways of handling psychological problems. Also called counselling psychology or psychotherapy, it focuses on the prevention, understanding and cure of psychological issues by way of psycho-therapeutic treatment.WATCH THE VIDEO ON THEME: Emotion, Stress, and Health: Crash Course Psychology #26
The Major Branches of Psychology
Emotions exert an incredibly powerful force on human behavior. Why exactly do we have emotions? What causes us to have these feelings? Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions. In psychology , emotion is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior. Emotionality is associated with a range of psychological phenomena, including temperament, personality , mood, and motivation. According to author David G. Meyers, human emotion involves "
Subfields of psychology
How do psychologists think about and study the human mind and behavior? Psychology is such a huge topic and conveying the depth and breadth of the subject can be difficult. As a result, a number of unique and distinctive branches of psychology have emerged to deal with specific subtopics within the study of the mind, brain, and behavior. While each has its own focus on psychological problems or concerns, all areas share a common goal of studying and explaining human thought and behavior. Because human behavior is so varied, the number of subfields in psychology is also constantly growing and evolving.
Subfields of Psychology
What is psychology and what does it involve?
Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience/Motivation and Emotion
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